Goiter – The silent killer! The symptoms and how can you avoid it
Goiter thyroid is an enlarged thyroid gland. It can develop in people of any age and can affect both men and women. It’s also known as an iodine deficiency.
Everyone knows that when you’re getting older, your body begins to show signs of wear and tear. You experience more frequent colds, your immune system suffers from chronic fatigue, and your cholesterol levels tend to go down.
This article explains what goiter is, its causes, its symptoms, how to avoid it and how to treat it. Read on to find out more.
It is a Hidden Mass – a swollen thyroid gland. It’s usually found in people of Jewish descent, but it can also affect people of any race and religion.
In other words, not everyone who’s got this disease is bad news.
What are the Different Types?
They can be further classified into many other types but the most common type is called “hairy”, or platy-plural.
It is often a result of an increased number of circulating T-cells (a type of white blood cell) in response to an infection. It is rare in children, but can occur in adults as well.
This type of goiter occurs in people with an autoimmune condition such as Hashimoto’s thyroiditis or follicular lymphoma. It may also occur in people with a hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) due to genetic mutations.
The main cause is an underactive thyroid gland. When the thyroid gland is underactive, it’s more likely to become enlarged which, over time, results in a goiter.
The main things that can cause a goiter include:
- Age: Young people tend to have larger goiters than people who are older. As we grow older, our bodies produce less hormone to regulate our body temperature, which can lead to a goiter.
- Genes: Some people are born with a small thyroid and are destined to have a small goiter. Other people develop a goiter as a result of an inherited condition, such as enlarged thyroid glands due to a condition called “primary hypothyroidism”.
- Infections: Some infections, such as a bacterial infection of the thyroid, cause an expansion of the thyroid gland.
- Yawning: When the mouth is dry, it produces less saliva, which can lead to a swollen thyroid gland.
- Hormones: Different glands in your body produce different hormones that regulate body functions. For example, the thyroid gland produces hormones that control your body’s temperature, appetite, heartbeat and more.
- Medical Conditions: Some medical conditions, such as Addison’s disease and Cushing’s disease, also can cause a goiter.
- Metalloid (i.e. nickel, lead, chromium, vanadium, etc.)
- Sumatran coffee
- Toxins from food like strawberries, blueberries, and camembert
- Artificial preservatives in food like sodium benzoate, potassium iodide, and glucose.
What Are the Symptoms of a Thyroid Problem?
In reality, this is often accompanied by a number of different symptoms, including:
- Fatigue: feeling of constant tiredness or weakness and can be physical, mental or a combination of both.
- Nausea and/or vomiting
- Dry skin
- Easy weight gain
- Tics (e.g. chewing, hand movements)
- Tumors (e.g. thyroid, brain, stomach)
- Nodules (i.e. nodules of unknown cause)
- Paraganglion (i.e. blood vessels under the skin)
- Weight loss
- Decreased interest or motivation in normal activities –
- Sleep disorders (e.g. insomnia)
What Are the Symptoms of a Goiter?
The following are some of the other symptoms:
- You might also experience a “frog’s leg” look to your skin.
- The voice can sound high-pitched and squeaky.
- You should be careful while driving because you could swivel your head around and hit the steering wheel with your chin. You should avoid drinking grapefruit juice because it could cause a goiter.
- And last but not least, your vision will become blurred or spotty.
These may include:
- The patient’s weight: A larger person’s thyroid will often be larger than a smaller person’s.
- The goiter’s size: A goiter that is too large to be considered a “normal” goiter will usually be detected through a lab test.
- The patient’s age: As we get older, our bodies produce less thyroid hormone, which can result in a goiter.
- The cause of the goiter: If the cause is unknown, a goiter can be detected through blood tests.
Any of the following could be the cause:
Some complications Are:
- Underweight or overweight.
2. Underlying heart disease.
3. Struggle with anxiety or stress: Sometimes you feel isolated or different to others.
- A thyroid medication: Levothyroxine (T4) and T3 are the most common types of thyroid medication. They are prescribed to treat conditions such as a small thyroid gland (less than 2 grams) or hyperthyroidism (2 or more grams).
- A calcineurin inhibitor: These are sometimes recommended for treating primary hypothyroidism, but can also be used for other conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or massive inflammation.
- An ant-thyroid drug: Although they aren’t typically prescribed on a regular basis, ant-thyroid drugs are sometimes used in the treatment of goiters. These drugs include propylthiouracil (PTU), methotrexate (MTX).
- A thiopurine: Thiopurines are anti-inflammatory drugs that can also be used to treat autoimmune diseases such as lupus.
- A medication to block TSH receptors: TSH Receptors are protein receptors located in the thyroid gland that are responsible for controlling your body’s temperature and levels of hormones.
- Get your weight check regularly. It is important to maintain a healthy body weight because your body needs protein in order to function properly.
- Maintain a healthy diet. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy for your body and are found in the form of glucose. Your body also needs protein in order to rebuild and function properly.
- Avoid caffeine. There are many effects of Caffeine in human body. It can cause a rise in blood pressure, increased heart rate and a increased risk of developing heart disease.
- Be gentle with your thyroid. You do not want to over-rock it with medication, but you also do not want to under-load it either.
- Take your thyroid meds during the day. At night, you shouldn’t worry about taking your meds as prescribed; you are simply too tired to monitor your dose.