Hernia in a premature baby and in a child: should my child have surgery?How to Succeed!

A Hernia in a premature baby: What To Do And How to succeed!

hernia in premature baby

What is a Hernia?

A hernia is a small, sometimes hidden, muscle in your abdomen. When it grows too large it causes pain and can become difficult to push out. But even if it becomes infected, it can cause huge problems for the mother and her baby. The sheen get busts through your natural wall quickly and easily. It’s like snapping a nut! You can’t simply ignore it or try to cover it up with a blanket or cloth. The sooner you learn how to prevent this from happening, the better off you’ll be as a society.

A Hernia is one of the most common muscle conditions that lead to preemies and stillbirths in modern pregnancy. But what do you know about having one in your baby? How can you avoid contracting one yourself when you can help with it? These are some of the questions we answer here.

How to Prevent A Hernia in a Baby

Here are a few things you can do to prevent yourself from contracting a Hernia in your baby: –

  • Invest in quality, not cheap, newborn gear. It will save your child from early death and give you peace of mind when he or she is here in the morning.
  • Do not have an active baby monitor when your baby is less than a week old? This will cause you to miss important daily activities like feedings, diaper changes, etc.
  • Be prepared when your baby is born. You will not only be responsible for him or her but also for the health and survival of your family. It is better to be safe than sorry.
  • Make an effort to be in the same room as your baby when he or she is a little bit older. This will help you to be closer to your child’s head without him or her being able to hear you.

Why do hernias occur in babies?

Hernias occur in babies due to a defect during their childbirth. During the early stages of pregnancy, the opening where the umbilical cord is allowed to be present usually closes over time. However, when it remains open, abdominal contents can protrude through that opening, resulting in the progression of the umbilical hernia. The tissue around an organ press into such openings and result in a hernia.

 

Types of Hernias in Babies and Children

New parents tend to get anxious when they see their infants crying or see a bulge in any part of the body. The herniated tissues may protrude only during moments of pressure or strain. Don’t be scared if you see a bulge when the infant is crying, coughing, or straining. These tend to retract on their own and cure over a period of time.

A doctor usually frees the trapped tissues by gently squeezing the lump and forcing it back into the opening. Doctors recommend surgery within a few days to prevent the occurrence of another hernia.

 

Inguinal Hernia in Babies and Children

An inguinal hernia develops in the groin area of the babies. These occur in babies when there is a weakening of muscles in the groin region after a few months of birth.

An inguinal hernia is more likely to occur in an infant if it has one or more of the following risk factors-

  • Undescended testes in males
  • Abnormalities of the urethra
  • Family history of inguinal hernias

When the baby grows inside the mother’s womb, the testicles also develop. After a few days, the testes move down into the scrotum through the inguinal canal. Within a few days of birth, the inguinal canal closes. This prevents the testicles to move back into the abdomen. When the opening doesn’t close properly, part of the intestine can move into the canal through a weakened area, known as an inguinal hernia. The chances of an inguinal hernia are more in males than females.

The symptoms of an inguinal hernia which parents should look out for are –

  • A protruded round abdomen
  • Pain
  • Vomiting
  • Redness
  • Fever

 

Umbilical Hernia in Babies and Children

In rare cases, babies are born with a weakness or an opening around the belly button. The surrounding tissue can protrude through this opening and cause a hernia. This hernia can prove to be dangerous for newborn babies. One thing to note here is that this type of hernia rarely causes any strangulation.

This kind of hernia causes no discomfort. Generally, the doctor can just push it back into its original place or these retract on their own and close it up by the age of 2. If your child is above two years, and the hernia continues to grow in size then you must consult a paediatrician.

 

Which children are at a higher risk of developing a hernia?

Some of the risk factors that increase the chances of developing a hernia in children are –

  • Premature birth of the baby
  • Either one of the parents or sibling developed a hernia in the past
  • Suffering from cystic fibrosis
  • Undescended testes in males
  • Problems with urinary or reproductive organs

 

Possible Complications of Hernia in a Child

Under normal circumstances, hernia in children tends to cure on its own by the age of two. But if it doesn’t cure on its own, it is not prudent to leave it untreated.

This is because sometimes the intestinal loop can get stuck through the hernia. This is not reducible which means that the loop can’t be pushed back into the stomach. When this is left untreated, the blood supply to that part of the intestine can get blocked which results in dead tissue.

 

Home Remedies To Treat Hernias in Babies and Children

In addition to medical treatment, you can also try some home remedies that can help put the hernias back to their original place. Some of the home remedies that you can try are –

Water

After feeding your baby, provide your baby with adequate amounts of water. Hydration keeps the system clean and reduces the problem of umbilical hernia. In addition to this, drinking water also enhances blood circulation and reduces straining.

 

Aloe Vera

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The herb is rich in antiseptic effects. Hence, you can add a few drops of aloe vera juice to the food prepared for your children if only he/she is above 6 months of age.

 

Coconut oil and olive oil

Both these oils are known to be very effective in reducing the recurrence of umbilical hernia in babies. Massage your child’s abdomen with either coconut oil or olive oil 5-6 times per day.

 

Berries

Rich in antioxidants and high in fiber content, berries are the best natural treatment for curing umbilical hernia in babies and children.

 

How Hernia in a Baby Treated? 

In most cases, a hernia that starts before the age of 6 months will end at 1 year old. But some babies get or still have an umbilical hernia in infants or toddlers. The umbilical cord almost always closes itself as the baby grows. But sometimes surgery is needed.

Treatment of Hernia in Babies

After proper diagnosis, the medical practitioner recommends surgical procedures to avoid strangulation of the tissue. Depending on your child’s age, overall health, hernia type, and obviously your preference, the doctors recommend the treatment. The surgery can be done both using open surgery and laparoscopic technique.

The advantage of a laparoscopic method is that it can be performed in all age groups, including premature babies. These procedures are performed on an outpatient basis which means you can take your child back home on the same day of the surgery.

How to Hernia Test A Child and Get Things Done

Your child may have a beautiful smile, but underneath it all, she’s an anxious wreck. Her anxiety due to hernia may be contagious and can get out of control quickly. The best way to help your little one manage her anxiety is to not only monitor her but also make sure that she’s taking the appropriate care and attention she needs.

This will not only ensure that she doesn’t break or hurt herself but also make sure that the repairs on her body are being done in the most efficient manner possible. Hernia testing is a simple test that can be performed on any newborn to rule out problems with the pelvis and other related bone growths in their hips and ankles.

It’s not complicated and requires very little time or effort on your part, making it perfect for parents who aren’t medical professionals. If you have any questions about how to perform this test on your child, don’t hesitate to ask! You won’t be sorry!

 

How Should I Take Care Of My Child At Home After Hernia Surgery?

There are several precautionary measures that need to be taken at home after hernia surgery. However, these measures depend on the type of the surgery, age of your child, and the health condition of your child. Some basic precautionary measures are-

  • Your child must eat a regular diet after the surgery.
  • Most children can resume normal, non-strenuous activities in about 1-2 weeks.
  • Don’t allow your child to take a bath for at least 2-3 days of the surgery.

What is Hernia Test?

Hernia testing is a prevention method for growing a baby’s pelvic floor muscle. It’s not a diagnosis and is not prescriptive, but it’s a start. The aim of the test is to determine if parts of your baby’s pelvic floor are extra-large or extra-small, which can indicate a potential problem.

What to Know Before You Begin the Test

  • Before you begin the test, make sure that you’ve thoroughly checked your baby’s calendar for any upcoming scheduled activities. This will help you avoid overthinking things and potentially missing important events.
  • Before you begin the test, find out if your child has an emergency. If this is the case, schedule some time for you to visit your child’s doctor. Your doctor will want to examine your baby and make sure that everything is okay with her, so scheduling time to see him/her is crucial.
  • Before you begin the test, talk to your doctor about how your baby is doing. Ideally, he/she will be able to give you some help with your baby’s health. You don’t want to overthink this and fallow your baby for hours on end because you can’t get a read on what’s going on in her mind.
  • Before you begin the test, find out if there’s anything you can do to help your child. Discuss this with your doctor and see if there’s anything he/she can do to help. In some cases, it may be that your child isn’t having a good enough time in life to do anything. This is okay. You didn’t deserve this!

How to Perform Hernia Test on Your Baby

During the delivery phase of your pregnancy, make sure you’re monitoring your little one’s heart rate and breathing rate. You want to be sure that she’s both able to and enjoying her birth. You’re also unlikely to be able to keep your own breathing consistent while your baby’s in your arms, so you may want to use an epi-purse or a support bottle to help your little one’s breathing get more stable.

Best Practices for Hernia Test in Your Practice

  • Focus on what’s happening in your baby’s body. Don’t worry about the “how” or “why” something is happening. Just understand it and try to get it under control.
  • Use a consistent bedtime. While you’re in the mood to be an active parent, you should be in a constant state of inspiration. This means that you need to be in your head rather than jotting down ideas for your baby to draw from.
  • Encourage consistent movement. Something that your little one loves to do is lie down, stretch, and then get up again. This should be done at least a few hours before you can begin the test.
  • Keep your eye on the prize. Always put your interest (and that of your baby) above everything else. This means that you need to look into your baby’s eye and see what her thoughts are before you move on to the next thing.

Why Does a Child Have a Hernia?

Here’s one reason why you can expect your child to have a ton of growing up to do:

  • You are making changes that are causing her anxiety.
  • Your child may be experiencing frequent low temperatures, lightheadedness, and feeling pins and needles in her feet.
  • It could also be that she has a history of extreme anxiety, which can make it hard for her to grow up to be a happy, healthy young person.

Conclusion

Congratulations! You’ve just begun your journey as a parent. While it’s important that you stay on top of your baby’s health and behavior, it’s equally important that you don’t lose sight of the “why” and “how” things happen. Your child is going to make mistakes; everyone is.

You need to learn from them and correct these problems, not in the short run but in the long run. Remember: There’s no perfect way to parent and there’s no perfect way to learn, either.

Experiment and learn! Your child will be able to make mistakes, so make sure that you’re challenging yourself and getting the most out of her without being too hard on her.

You can learn here how to stay safe during pregnancy till safe delivery.

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