High Blood Sugar – 8 Symptoms of high blood sugar and everything you need to know to prevent it!
High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, is a serious concern, and can affect people with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Blood sugar control is at the heart of any diabetes treatment plan.
There are two main types:
- Fasting hyperglycemia; This is blood sugar for diabetic patients who are higher than 130 mg / dL (milligrams per deciliter) after not eating or drinking for at least 8 hours.
- hyperglycemia after eating or after a meal; This is blood sugar which is higher than 180 mg / dL 2 hours after eating. People without diabetes rarely have high blood sugar levels above 140 mg / dL after a meal, unless it is very high.
Frequent or persistent high blood sugar can cause damage to your arteries, blood vessels and organs. It can also lead to other serious conditions. People with type 1 diabetes suffer from an accumulation of acid in the blood called ketoacidosis.
What is High Blood Sugar?
Blood sugar level is the level of blood sugar. Glucose is a sugar derived from the foods we eat, and it is also made and stored in the body. It is a major source of energy for our body’s cells, and it is transmitted to every cell through the bloodstream.
Hyperglycemia is a medical term for high blood sugar levels. High blood sugar levels occur when the body is unable to make insulin (type 1 diabetes) or is unable to respond to insulin properly (type 2 diabetes). The body needs insulin so glucose in the blood can enter the body’s cells where it can be used for energy.
In people with diabetes, glucose increases in the blood, leading to hyperglycemia. Prolonged high blood sugar can lead to serious health problems if left untreated. Hyperglycemia can damage the blood vessels to vital organs, which can increase the risk of heart disease and stroke, kidney disease, vision problems, and neurological problems.
These problems are rarely seen in children or adolescents who have had the disease for only a few years. But they can occur in adulthood for some people with diabetes, especially if they have not been able to properly control or control diabetes.
Moderate to high blood sugar
You may have moderate to severe symptoms if your blood sugar levels are always high. These symptoms include:
- Blurred vision.
- Extreme thirst.
- Dry, hot, dry skin.
- Restlessness, drowsiness, or difficulty waking up.
People with type 1 diabetes and some people with type 2 diabetes produce little or no insulin at all. These people may also have:
- Fast, deep breathing.
- Rapid heartbeat and weak heartbeat.
- Strong, fruity scent.
- Loss of appetite, abdominal pain, and / or vomiting.
- If your blood sugar levels continue to rise, you can:
Confusion and laziness.
Exit (lose consciousness) if your blood sugar levels are too high
Symptoms of High Blood Sugar
1. You Are More Hungry But You Lose Weight
Most people with uncontrolled high blood sugar find that they are more hungry than usual, which indicates a symptom called polyphagia, notes MedlinePlus. And even though you eat more, you may be losing weight for no apparent reason if your blood sugar levels are too high.
“Since your body does not get energy from your favorite source, glucose, you have to turn it into muscle and fat. “When your body begins to break down muscle and fat for energy, you gain unintentional and unhealthy weight loss.” In addition to these changes in weight and appetite, you may experience weakness in your muscles and experience more frequent falls.
2. You Feel Tired and Tired Occasionally
Excessive fatigue and tiredness are symptoms of uncontrolled blood sugar, the ADA says. “In short, when your body does not process insulin properly or does not have enough insulin, sugar stays in our bloodstream instead of entering our cells to be used for energy. Also, frequent urination can lead to dehydration.
3. Vision Blindness and Frequent Headaches
You may find that your vision is not as clear-cut as it used to be and that things may seem a bit foggy. High blood sugar levels can cause the lens to swell in your eye due to fluid coming in. This changes the shape of the lens, which makes it less able to focus properly, resulting in visual impairment. You may also experience stress at work, difficulty driving, and frequent headaches.
4. You are repairing wounds that are more likely to heal more slowly
Sores, scratches, bruises, and other wounds heal more slowly if there is uncontrolled blood sugar, according to the National Diabetes and Kidney Disease Institute. Diabetes causes nerve damage and affects the circulation, especially in the lower limbs, which can delay healing because there is insufficient blood flow to the area. Even minor injuries are more likely to be infected, which can be very serious and even lead to amputation of the foot. You may see drainage coming into your socks or an unpleasant odor if you get a foot ulcer.
5. Irritation and Numbness in Your Hands or Feet
As mentioned, uncontrolled blood sugar can cause nerve damage, also known as diabetes mellitus. What you may notice is a feeling of itching or even numbness in your arms and legs. Some people experience pain in their arms and legs as well. Although neuropathy is more common in people who have had diabetes for a long time, it can occur in anyone with uncontrolled diabetes.
6. You Promote Blisters, Dryness, or Other Skin Changes
Small pieces of extra skin, called skin tags, can form on the skin, especially if you have diabetes and are trying to find ways to control your weight. Dark and thick areas of soft skin (called acanthosis nigricans) can occur on the back of the neck or arms, armpits, face, or other areas. These could be signs of insulin resistance. Blisters, infections, dryness, itching, discoloration, and abnormal skin conditions can all be warning signs of high blood sugar. Check with your doctor if these skin changes occur.
7. You Get Yeast Infections More than Normally
Hyperglycemia can lead to recurrent genital yeast infections. The culprit is often a type of yeast (fungus) known as Candida albicans, according to the ADA. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in women the symptoms may include:
- vaginal irritation
- redness or pain
- pain during intercourse
- pain or discomfort when urinating
with excessive and abnormal vaginal discharge. Although yeast infections are common in people who do not have diabetes, having too much glucose in your blood puts you at greater risk of getting it. “Yeast feeds glucose, and if your blood sugar is high there is more sugar in the urinary tract.
8. Swollen Gums or Bleeding, Which Increases Your Risk Of Infection
Gum disease is a diabetes problem, notes the National Diabetes and Kidney Disease Institute. It can also make diabetes difficult to control, because the body’s response to infection is the release of more glucose into the bloodstream, according to the ADA.
Your saliva contains glucose; and the more he has, the more he has further feeding bacteria that mix with food in your mouth and form plaque membranes and cause gum disease. Symptoms may include red gums or swelling at first.
If left untreated, they can progress to periodontitis, which can lead to gum disease from your teeth, the appearance of pus or sores, or even tooth loss. Get a blood sugar control and see a dentist to prevent damage to your gums and teeth.
What Causes High Blood Sugar Levels?
Controlling diabetes is like three steps to balancing because you must look at:
- the medications you are taking (insulin or tablets)
- the food you eat
- the amount of exercise you get
All three need to be balanced. If any of these are turned off, blood sugar levels may also drop. In general, high blood sugar levels can be caused by:
- not taking your diabetes medication when required or not taking the right amount
- not following a diet plan (such as overeating on special occasions without adjusting your diabetes medication)
- not getting enough exercise
- having the disease, like the flu
- taking other types of medications that affect how your diabetes medications work
One reading of high blood sugar is usually not a cause for concern – it happens to everyone with diabetes on a regular basis. But if you have high blood sugar levels, let your parents and your diabetes health team know. Insulin or diet plans may need to be adjusted, or you may have a device problem, such as an insulin pump that does not work properly. Either way, make sure you get help so you can restore your blood sugar levels.
How does high blood sugar affect the body?
High blood sugar can cause a number of other symptoms and problems. Here are just a few.
Urine and thirst: High blood sugar enters the kidneys and urine. This attracts more water, causing frequent urination. This can also cause thirst to increase, despite drinking enough drinks.
Weight loss: High blood sugar can cause sudden or unreasonable weight loss. This happens because the body’s cells do not get the glucose they need, so the body burns muscle and fat instead of getting energy.
Numbness and tingling: High blood sugar can also cause numbness, burning, or itching of the hands, feet, and legs. This is due to diabetes mellitus, diabetic complications that often occur after many years of high blood sugar levels.
Risk factors for high blood sugar
Type 1 and type 2 Diabetes are risk factors for high blood sugar. Doctors do not know exactly what causes diabetes. Other factors may increase the risk, however.
Type 1 diabetes
Researchers believe that certain genetic or environmental factors may be contributing to an increased risk of developing type 1 diabetes.
The National Institute on Diabetes and Kidney Disease (NIDDK) says certain genes contribute, and other factors – such as viruses and infections – may be involved.
The Diabetes Research Association states that there is nothing that a person can do to prevent type 1 diabetes. Eating, exercising, or choosing another lifestyle will not change the outcome.
Type 1 diabetes usually begins in childhood or adulthood, but can occur at any age.
Type 2 diabetes
The following risk factors A reliable source can make you more likely to get type 2 diabetes:
- having certain genes
- being overweight or inactive
- having a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes
- receiving treatment for hypertension, or hypertension of 140/90 or more
- having low levels of “good” HDL cholesterol or high levels of triglycerides
If you have diabetes and notice a sudden change in blood sugar levels during your home monitoring, you should inform your doctor about your symptoms. High blood sugar can affect your treatment plan.
Regardless of whether you have diabetes, if you start to experience any symptoms of hyperglycemia, you should talk to your doctor. Before you go to your appointment, you should consider what symptoms you have. You should also consider these questions:
- Has your diet changed?
- Have you had enough water to drink?
- Are you under a lot of stress?
- were you just in the hospital for surgery?
- Were you involved in an accident?
Once your doctor’s appointment, your doctor will discuss all your concerns. They will do a short physical exam and discuss your family history. Your doctor will also discuss your blood sugar level.
If you are 59 years old or younger, your blood sugar level is generally between 80 and 120 milliliters per deciliter (mg /dL). This is also an estimated range for people who do not have any medical conditions.
People 60 years of age or older and those with other medical conditions or concerns may have concentrations of between 100 and 140 mg/dL.
Your doctor may perform an A1C test to determine your blood sugar level in recent months. This is done by measuring the level of sugar in the blood attached to the hemoglobin that carries oxygen in your red blood cells. Depending on your results, your doctor may recommend regular blood sugar monitoring at home. This is done with a blood sugar meter.
Prompt treatment is needed when blood sugar is high or very low. Immediate treatment may include:
- Fast-acting carbohydrates. Eating fast-acting carbohydrates, such as fruit juices, sweets, or glucose tablets, can help increase blood sugar levels. Glucagon injections can be used if the symptoms are severe.
- Water replacement. Fluid, given orally or by IV, can help lower your blood sugar and replace the lost fluid by urinating regularly.
- Electronic replacement. Decreased insulin levels can lower the level of electrolytes in your blood. Your body needs these nutrients to keep your heart, muscles, and other tissues working properly.
- Insulin. When your blood sugar is too high, you can be treated with insulin therapy, usually with water and electrolytes, to help restore blood sugar to normal levels.
If you have diabetes, taking diabetic and injectable medications and insulin as prescribed by your doctor can help you control your blood sugar. Your doctor may recommend changes in your dosage and the time you take your medication to help control your blood sugar.
In addition to taking medication as prescribed, certain lifestyle changes can help you maintain your blood sugar levels. Regular exercise is an important part of treating blood sugar instability. Physical activity helps your cells become more sensitive to insulin, making insulin work more efficiently while also helping your cells to regulate glucose levels in the body. Exercising regularly can lower blood sugar and A1C.
Your diet plays an important role in your blood sugar levels and can help you avoid getting diabetes or other complications that can be caused by uncontrolled blood sugar. Eat a diet rich in vegetables, fiber and protein. Avoid sugary or processed foods.
You should also avoid simple carbohydrates, like white breads, which have a high glycemic index. Instead, choose complex carbohydrates from whole grains. These carbohydrates do not have as many effects on blood sugar as simple carbohydrates.
Consider placing nuts or slices of low-fat cheese in hand for easy and nutritious snacks. Just remember that nuts are high in calories, so remember to serve size. You should also choose low-salt or low-salt nuts to reduce your sodium intake.
Dysglycemia is a broad term that can cause various symptoms. It can also be caused by a variety of underlying conditions. Let your doctor know if you experience symptoms of hyperglycemia or hypoglycemia, especially if you experience them frequently. The doctor can help identify the underlying cause and work with you on ways to control your blood sugar.
When to see a doctor
Anyone who experiences fatigue, increased thirst, frequent urination, or weight loss should see a doctor, as these may indicate diabetes or other health problems.
Regular health screening often involves measuring blood sugar, even if the person has no symptoms. Those with a family history of diabetes or other risk factors may need early or more frequent tests.
When a person has diabetes, their health and well-being depend on good management of blood sugar levels.
In order to improve or maintain a good standard of living, one must:
- visit the doctor regularly
- taking medication as prescribed by a doctor
- follow nutrition and exercise guidelines
These strategies can help a person with diabetes control their blood sugar, and this can slow down the onset of diabetes. A person should also carry a medical ID, especially if he is taking insulin, as this can provide important information in case of an emergency.