Homa ya Mgunda: Leptospirosis Know this disease in southern Tanzania 2022

Homa ya Mgunda: Leptospirosis Know this disease found in southern Tanzania

Ugonjwa usiojulikana Lindi: Wabainika ni mlipuko wa Homa ya Mgunda - 2 Eyez Media

The Minister of Health of Tanzania, Ummy Mwalimu has told journalists that the testing of samples of patients who were sick in Ruangwa District in Lindi Region has confirmed this outbreak to be a disease called Leptospirosis/Field fever in Swahili Language called Homa Ya Mgunda.

Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection that can be transmitted through exposure to the urine of infected animals or contact with contaminated water. It’s common in tropical areas and humid environments with poor sanitation.

Leptospirosis can be contracted by humans when they come into contact with water, soil, or vegetation that has been contaminated with the urine from infected animals like rats, raccoons, and pigs.


What is Leptospirosis? | Homa ya Mgunda

Leptospirosis is a disease caused by bacteria that affects humans and animals.

It is caused by professional bacteria from the genus Leptospira. In humans, it can cause many symptoms, some of which can be mistaken for other diseases.

Some infected people, however, may not have any symptoms.

According to the CDC, without treatment, it can cause kidney damage, meningitis (inflammation of the membranes around the brain and spinal cord), liver failure, respiratory problems, and even death.

However, it is much more common in individuals working in or living near conditions favorable for rat infestation such as farms or outdoor spaces that are continually wet.

A person who contracts leptospirosis may not show symptoms right away. Some may experience flu-like symptoms such as fever, chills, nausea, vomiting, headaches and muscle aches. In some cases, the infection can lead to inflammation of the brain (encephalitis) or jaundice (yellowing of the skin).


How is this disease transmitted?

Homa ya Mgunda - njia za maambukizi


The bacteria that cause leptospirosis are spread through the urine of infected animals, which can enter water or soil and live there for weeks or even months.

Many different species of wild and domestic animals carry the bacteria.

Likewise, cows, pigs, horses, dogs, rodents and wild animals.

When these animals are infected, they may show no symptoms of the disease. Infected animals may continue to release the bacteria into the environment continuously or intermittently for a few months to several years.



Humans can be infected through | Namna ya Mwanadamu kuambukizwa Homa ya Mgunda

  • Contact with urine or other bodily fluids (except saliva) of infected animals.
  • Contact with water, soil or food contaminated with urine from infected animals.


Bacteria can enter the body through the skin or mucous membranes (eyes, nose or mouth), especially if the skin is scratched.

Drinking dirty water can also cause infection.

Leptospirosis outbreaks are usually caused by contaminated water, such as flood waters. Person-to-person transmission is rare.


Symptoms of Leptospirosis | Homa ya Mgunda

dalili za Homa ya Mgunda - leptospirosis


In humans, it can cause a variety of symptoms, these includes: High Fever, Headache, Muscle pain, Vomiting, Jaundice (yellow skin and eyes), Red eyes, Abdominal pain, Diarrhea and A skin rash.

Many of these symptoms can be associated with other diseases. Also, some infected people may not show any symptoms.

According to the CDC, the time between a person’s exposure to a contaminated source and becoming ill is 2 days to 4 weeks. The disease usually starts suddenly with fever and other symptoms. Leptospirosis can occur in two stages:

After the first phase (with fever, chills, headache, muscle pain, vomiting, or diarrhea), the patient may recover for a while, but fall again. If the second phase occurs, it is more severe; you may have kidney or liver problems or meningitis.

The illness lasts from a few days to 3 weeks or more. Without treatment, healing can take several months.


Who are at risk of infection?

Leptospirosis occurs worldwide, but is more common in hot or tropical climates. It is an occupational hazard for many people who work outdoors or with animals, such as:

  • Farmers
  • Minors
  • Sewer workers
  • Slaughterhouse workers
  • Veterinarians and animal handlers
  • Those dealing with fishery products
  • Workers who produce dairy products
  • Soldiers


The disease has also been linked to swimming and surfing in polluted lakes and rivers.

Therefore, it is dangerous for those who practice outdoor sports.

The risk may be greater for those who participate in these activities in hot weather.

In addition, the incidence of leptospirosis infection in urban children appears to be increasing.


Treatment for Leptospirosis | Treatment for Homa ya Mgunda

Leptospirosis is treated with antibiotics, such as doxycycline or penicillin, which must be given early in the course of the disease.

They may be needed for people with more severe symptoms. People with symptoms suggestive of leptospirosis should contact a health care provider.

The risk of contracting this disease can be greatly reduced by not swimming or immersing yourself in water that may contain animal urine, or by not touching infected animals.

Protective clothing or footwear should be worn by people exposed to contaminated water or soil through work or recreational activities.


Simple safety steps to avoid Leptospirosis

Take the following preventive measures to stay save from the Fever | Homa ya Mgunda

  1. Avoid water and mud from bodies of water where rats may live
  2. Wear protective clothing, gloves and goggles when working in a humid or wet environment where rats may live
  3. Disinfect tools and work surfaces regularly
  4. Practice good hygiene by washing hands regularly with soap and warm water
  5. Avoid wading in puddles, mud or water with rats or other rodents
  6. Wear protective clothing when cleaning up after floods or other accidents
  7. Stay updated with current health information
  8. Avoid non-essential travel to areas where leptospirosis is common



It is important to visit the Ministry of Health pages for more updates about leptospirosis(Homa ya Mgunda)

It is important to remember that leptospirosis(Homa ya Mgunda) can be contracted year-round and in places where it is not common. However, it is especially common in tropical and humid environments where rats thrive.

Individuals who work in or live near these environments should take steps to protect themselves from leptospirosis. Individuals can reduce the risk of contracting leptospirosis by avoiding water where rats might live, wearing protective clothing and gloves when working in humid environments and disinfecting their tools and work surfaces regularly.

It is also important to practice good hygiene by washing hands regularly with soap and warm water.


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